Kefalonia has three towns, each with its own beauty. The capital is Argostoli, has a beautiful harbour comprising of one of the largest natural harbours in the Mediterranean and for centuries now is a calm retreat for the sea-beaten sailors. Although the city was almost destroyed in 1953 and is today characterised by its modern design, certain features have preserved its charm such as the harbour, its roads, its monuments and the central square, where the city meets in the evenings. Fiscardo constitutes the island’s most cosmopolitan tourist resort, whilst at the same time it conceals images of times gone by. It is a picturesque settlement comprising of unspoilt traditional colours and multicoloured homes set around a beautiful harbour. Finally, Lixouri is ideally positioned and is a contemporary settlement with good tourism infrastructure and noteworthy tradition in the arts and literature.
In the verdurous and picturesque inner land, where the residents continue to carry out the traditional chores of farming, wine-making, weaving with the loom, cooking and herb processing, you will find the alternative side of Kefalonia. The most unique area of agricultural Kefalonia is the area Omala Community, which is situated at a 390m elevation on the western foot of Mt. Aino. The old village of Valsamata and the picturesque abandoned homes and cobbled paths take you back to 1953. The broader area has abundant vineyards and olive groves and acts as trustee of an enormous agricultural tradition and cultural inheritance: This is where the zone of the famous Robola can be found as well as the Monastery of Aghios Gerasimos.
Assos, which is located on the peninsular with the steep slopes and the Venetian Castle is one of the island’s most beautiful, scenic settlements and it has lately become a popular destination for those wanting to get away from the main tourist resorts. Other beautiful villages comprise of the scenic Kontogenada with many preserved homes of 18th – 19th century architecture, Kouvalata, the island’s oldest village, Svoronata, with its traditional farmhouses, as well as Ntomata, Kourkoumelata and Kaligata in the region of Livathous.
There is also Skala, the old village that was perched on the hill and abandoned after 1953, with is breathtaking view of the Ionian Sea, old fountains and windmills as well as Farsa, a village just out of Argostoli all of which offer an interesting tour through Kefalonia before the earthquake.